Former POW Advocacy - Veteran Health Indiana
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Veteran Health Indiana


Former POW Advocacy

Who are Former Prisoners of War?

Since World War I, more than 142,000 Americans, including 85 women, have been captured and interned as POWs. Not included in this figure are nearly 93,000 Americans who were lost or never recovered. Only one fifth of America's former POWs (FPOW) since World War I are still living (about 22,641). More than 90% of living former POWs were captured and interned during World War II. About 15,367 former POWs are in receipt of compensation for service-connected injuries, diseases, or illnesses.

In 1981, Congress passed Public Law 97-37 entitled "Former Prisoners of War Benefit Act." This law accomplished several things. It established an Advisory Committee on Former Prisoners of War and mandated medical and dental care. It also identified certain diagnoses as presumptive service-connected conditions for former POWs. Subsequent public laws and policy decisions by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs have added additional diagnoses to the list of presumptive conditions.

What are the presumptive conditions for FPOWs?

Today, former POWs are generally entitled to a presumption of service-connection for eight diseases, regardless of the length of captivity, if manifested to a degree of 10 percent or more after discharge or release from active military, naval, or air service. These diseases are:

  • Psychosis
  • Cold injury
  • Dysthymic disorder or depressive neurosis
  • Stroke and complications
  • Post-traumatic osteoarthritis
  • Heart disease and complications
  • Any of the anxiety states
  • Osteoporosis

If a former POW was interned for 30 days or more, the following additional diseases are presumed to be service-connected:

  • Avitaminosis
  • Beriberi
  • Chronic dysentery
  • Cirrhosis of the liver
  • Helminthiasis
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Malnutrition, including associated Optic Atrophy
  • Any other nutritional deficiency
  • Pellagra and any other nutritional deficiency
  • Peripheral neuropathy, except where directly related to infectious causes
  • Peptic ulcer disease
  • Osteoporosis

FPOW Fact Sheet

FPOW pamphlet

Presidential Changes

FPOW Joint Resolution


Contact Info


  • VAMC, C wing, room number C5078

Contact Number(s)

  • 317-988-3685

Hours of Operation

  • Mon - Fri, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.